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Rocaterrania (Dir. Brett Ingram, 2009, 74 minutes)

Project support: Guggenheim Fellowship (2007); Mary Duke Biddle Foundation Project Grant (2007)

Rocaterrania is a documentary feature exploring the secret world of scientific illustrator and self-taught artist Renaldo Kuhler (American, 1931-2013).

For thirty years, Renaldo Kuhler created hundreds of plates for the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, illustrating diverse flora and fauna for scientific journals, reference books, and exhibits. Unbeknownst to family, friends, and coworkers, Renaldo was also a prolific self-taught artist.

The son of Otto Kuhler, a renowned industrial designer, Renaldo was bullied and ridiculed by classmates, teachers, and headmasters simply for being different. When Otto moved the family from upstate New York to a remote cattle ranch in the Colorado Rockies, teenaged Renaldo found the isolation unbearable. He escaped to the private fantasy world of his notebooks, inventing an imaginary country he called Rocaterrania. For the next 60 years, Renaldo illustrated the nation's history, a coded, metaphoric account of his own life.

Situated on the border of New York and Canada, settled mostly by European immigrants, Rocaterrania has a unique government, language, religion, social programs, architecture, railroad infrastructure, prison system, movie industry, and a fully mapped geography of cities, mountains, lakes, rivers, and farmlands. It also has a political history fraught with turmoil, one that mirrors Renaldo’s own struggle for independence and freedom, creating a coded, metaphoric, and imaginatively illustrated biography.

Featuring an eclectic original score by Merge Records recording artists Shark Quest, Rocaterrania unveils Kuhler's stunning creation, intricately dovetailed with the powerful story of his life.

The award-winning Rocaterrania has screened on regional PBS (SCETV), and at more than fifty film festivals, museums, and cinemas in New York, London, Berlin, Brussels, Montreal, Vancouver, Buenos Aires, and elsewhere around the world.

The Renaldo Kuhler collection is represented by Ricco/Maresca Gallery at 529 W. 20th St., New York. Please direct all acquisition inquiries to Kylie Ryu ( and/or Alejandra Russi ( 

  • Frank Maresca, part-owner of the Ricco/Maresca Gallery, is one of the leading experts on and collectors of outsider art in the country.

To learn more about the late Renaldo Kuhler, please visit

Roberta Smith, in her review of the 2013 Outsider Art Fair for The New York Times:

“Several little-known or virtually unknown artists make very strong impressions, none more so than Renaldo Kuhler, 81, presented in a special exhibition, whose dense drawings portray an imagined world, Rocaterrania, complete with its own alphabet.”